A common infection that causes pain and swelling in the mouth and gum to children is known as gingivostomatitis. For more information about this infection, visit Southern Smiles’ dental centre in Miranda.
Causes and symptoms of this disease:
In addition to the herpes simplex virus, other viruses such as coxsackie and enteroviruses are usually involved. Other causative agents are bacteria, fungi, mouth trauma, vitamin deficiencies or immune disorders.
The general symptoms are oral pain, irritability, increased salivation, foul breath, difficulty feeding and fever that is usually high. Painful ulcers and blisters that affect the mucus of inner cheeks, gums, lips, tongue, enlargement of the neck nodes and, less frequently, on the back of the pharynx can be observed.
The gums may be slightly inflamed, red, ulcerated and bleed easily.
When the cause is viral, oral lesions can last 7 to 10 days, although the resolution of general symptoms occurs in advance.
This being said, and understanding how this infection is originated, let’s talk about the treatment.
Is there a specific treatment for a child gum infection?
Most often, gingivostomatitis is spontaneously cleared up, and it’s useful to help it with an accurate symptomatic treatment for pain, or products that focus on local healing.
Special attention should be given in children to hydration by offering them fractional, cold or room temperature liquids. Avoid acidic, salty or spicy foods.
Paracetamol or ibuprofen by mouth can also help ease discomfort. If fungal infection is suspected, topical application or rinses with nystatin four times a day is usually effective. Acyclovir treatment isn’t needed if mild infection.
How can we prevent this disease?
Oral herpes simplex virus infections are common in school children. Most of these infections are asymptomatic, with excretion of the virus in saliva with the absence of clinical disease.
Children with gum infection who have no control over their oral secretions should be removed from daycare, while the symptoms are present.
The best form of prophylaxis is strict hand washing, avoiding direct contact with the wounds and not sharing glasses or utensils.