Dental problems affect a big part of the population around the world, and the list of causes for that is immense. One of the issues that affect a lot of people – but that is not so common to talk about – is gums bleeding when flossing.
Causes of gums bleeding when flossing are not easy to determine, and on some occasions, they can be only the result of various other problems. For example, if you use braces, there is a big chance that even if you brush your teeth for hours, you won’t get them clean; and if your dentist doesn’t clean them properly, you’ll have a problem with your gums later on.
Causes – and possible solutions – for gums bleeding when flossing can be consolidated in three main groups:
– Flossing too hard. As simple as it sounds, some people tend to floss their teeth harshly without considerating that gums are soft tissue, and as any part of the body they’ll bleed if they get hurt. For this inconvenient, the advice is to floss your teeth carefully: when you feel the floss in your gum don’t try to get it deeper, remove any food remains stuck in your gum and that’s all.
– Blood-related problems and other deficiencies. Bleeding related diseases like hemophilia or diabetes, lack of vitamins C or K, blood thinners like aspirin, smoking, or even severe conditions like Leukemia can cause your gums to bleed. For these situations, the advice is to do a follow-up of that gum bleeding and look for other symptoms that can lead to other illnesses. In case the bleeding cannot be related to any physical cause – like lack-excess of brushing or plaque appearance – or bad habit, visit your doctor and tell him every symptom you have experienced since the start of the bleeding, even the most insignificant one.
– Plaque-related problems are the leading cause of gums bleeding. Plaque – food remains – that isn’t removed correctly will turn into tartar, and accumulation of it around the gums will cause them to bleed or get infected. The advice here is to brush your teeth two or three times a day and floss carefully once a day. If your gums continue to bleed, and you don’t solve the issue by brushing and flossing your teeth, visit a periodontist – if you don’t have any other symptom that could be the source of the bleeding – so that he can perform professional teeth cleaning.